Risks and Benefits of Different Dietary Patterns in CKD (bibtex)
by Shivam Joshi, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Philippe Chauveau and Juan Jesus Carrero
Abstract:
Food has the potential to cause and exacerbate many lifestyle diseases. Or it can be used to prevent and treat illnesses like primary hypertension, the metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance. In parallel, there is also a growing body of evidence of the role of diet in the treatment of kidney disease and its ensuing complications. Popular diets for this purpose have included low-carbohydrate diets, including the ketogenic diet, and higher carbohydrate diets like Mediterranean diets and other plant-based dietary patterns. Low-carbohydrate diets have not shown harm in patients with kidney disease and may benefit a select few. Mediterranean diets have an established record of cardioprotective benefits but also may be beneficial for the kidney. Intermittent fasting has benefits for metabolic health, but limited research exists on the risk or benefit for patients with kidney disease. Plant-based diets, especially those that are lower in protein, may slow kidney disease progression, mitigate uremia, and delay dialysis initiation. Although each dietary pattern has its unique pros and cons, most healthful dietary patterns favor the inclusion of whole, unprocessed foods, preferably from plant-based sources. In this perspective, we discuss the risks and benefits of major popular diets to help guide health care professionals in treating patients with kidney disease.
Reference:
Risks and Benefits of Different Dietary Patterns in CKD (Shivam Joshi, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Philippe Chauveau and Juan Jesus Carrero), In American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 2023.
Bibtex Entry:
@article{JOSHI2023,
	abstract = {Food has the potential to cause and exacerbate many lifestyle diseases. Or it can be used to prevent and treat illnesses like primary hypertension, the metabolic syndrome, and insulin resistance. In parallel, there is also a growing body of evidence of the role of diet in the treatment of kidney disease and its ensuing complications. Popular diets for this purpose have included low-carbohydrate diets, including the ketogenic diet, and higher carbohydrate diets like Mediterranean diets and other plant-based dietary patterns. Low-carbohydrate diets have not shown harm in patients with kidney disease and may benefit a select few. Mediterranean diets have an established record of cardioprotective benefits but also may be beneficial for the kidney. Intermittent fasting has benefits for metabolic health, but limited research exists on the risk or benefit for patients with kidney disease. Plant-based diets, especially those that are lower in protein, may slow kidney disease progression, mitigate uremia, and delay dialysis initiation. Although each dietary pattern has its unique pros and cons, most healthful dietary patterns favor the inclusion of whole, unprocessed foods, preferably from plant-based sources. In this perspective, we discuss the risks and benefits of major popular diets to help guide health care professionals in treating patients with kidney disease.},
	author = {Shivam Joshi and Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh and Philippe Chauveau and Juan Jesus Carrero},
	date-added = {2023-01-22 15:40:06 +0000},
	date-modified = {2023-01-22 15:43:19 +0000},
	doi = {https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2022.08.013},
	issn = {0272-6386},
	journal = {American Journal of Kidney Diseases},
	keywords = {CKD, Diet, Plant-Based Diet},
	title = {Risks and Benefits of Different Dietary Patterns in CKD},
	url = {http://portaldadialise.com/r/papers/Risks%20and%20Benefits%20of%20Different%20Dietary%20Patterns%20in%20CKD.pdf},
	year = {2023},
	bdsk-url-1 = {https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0272638622009234},
	bdsk-url-2 = {https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2022.08.013}}
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